Who Controls your Internet? How Internet Works? | Explained by Dhruv Rathee

August 14, 2019

Hello friends
Have you ever thought about who runs the internet?
Who controls the internet worldwide?
Maybe you could think that the internet provider companies like Jio, Airtel and BSNL control the internet
But this isn’t true because
If one company stops providing it, there are other companies present
Then, you’d think maybe our government controls it, but that isn’t true either
At most, the government can remove 2-3 facebook posts or block websites
But they can be bypassed easily
And this does not amount to control over the internet worldwide
Then, maybe you could think that companies like Google, Facebook and Youtube control it
because they have the largest amount of data
But that isn’t true either because you can build a website of your own
and these companies would not be able to interfere in it
So the question is, when you are building a website of your own,
Who is providing you the space to create the website on the internet?
Is there a website that can tell you which website you can build and which website you cannot?
In this educational video, I’d like to tell you about the internet
Because the internet is an important tool in maintaining freedom and democracy worldwide
Countries like China keep their citizens blocked off completely from certain websites
Some websites like Google, Youtube and Facebook are permanently blocked there
Because the Chinese government wants to brainwash its citizens in a particular way
Therefore, I think its essential to understand how the internet works and what it is
This is what I’d like to tell you in this video
There’s a special contest at the end of this video for you where you can get the opportunity to win lots of prizes
The mega prize is a holiday trip to Singapore
So watch this video till the end
This is a URL/link
“youtube” here, is called a domain name
and the”.com” is called the top level domain
If you want to build your own website, then you will have to buy your domain name
There are some websites that sell domain names as their job. For example,
You need to go on if you wish to buy a domain name for your website
For example, I had to buy, so I went to to buy it
Now the question is, who gave GoDaddy the authority to sell domain names?
Who is GoDaddy to sell domain names?
There must be someone who gives assent to GoDaddy to sell domain names
And if there’s no one, then GoDaddy has become the boss of internet in a way
That is, it would be the one to sell domain names as well as decide who can own which website
But this isn’t so
There is another authority above it
The name of this authority is ICANN
Internet Corporation For Assigned Names And Numbers- ICANN
This is a non profit organization based in Los Angeles
You could say that this is the top level authority regarding the internet
It has the power to authorize websites like to sell domain names
This is the authority that decides upon which websites can sell domain names
This is the top level authority that decides upon which domain names can actually exist
There could be .com, .in, .info or .gov
All of this is decided by ICANN
(for example), we may make a website with .gov in its name
We may build domain names with .com in it
Although it is a non profit organization, it sells top level domain names to the rest of the companies by bidding
The companies that it sells to are called “registries”
You can go on the website of ICANN and see which companies have bought the different top level domains
For example, .aaa has been bought by American Automobile Association
Below the registries are the registrars. Companies like
that can sell both top level domains as well as domain names to the people
So, is ICANN the God of internet?
This cannot be said because the internet is a very decentralized network
You could consider it to be akin to a net
All the mobile phones and computers that are connected to the internet, make up the internet
You could call it a “server”
Your mobiles phones and computers are data centers and servers that are connected to each other through wires
Huge underwater cables have been laid worldwide across the continents
That connect the computers worldwide to one another
which make up the internet
Now, you could ask that my mobile phone isn’t connected with any cable,
then how does the internet work on it?
Mobile phones operate through mobile towers and (offer) 3g, 4g which do not have an extremely wide range
Your mobile phones have the 3g/4g signal only when you are close to the mobile towers
But if you move a little further away, then the signals (on your phone) won’t show up
So the towers of the mobile phones are actually connected to wires
And they are eventually connected to those wires that are connected to the wires connected worldwide
You can easily understand this in the map
A big wire came to India via Mumbai
From the point of Mumbai, wires spread out in different directions and reached different areas in India
due to which internet reached different parts of the country
So, in a way you could say that the company that has laid down these wires
holds a huge amount of significant power
because it is supplying internet to many different places
Secondly, you could say that the companies that lay down cables on land
to help internet reach every household by connecting these wires to the main cable
and connect your computers to the internet worldwide
They too hold a huge amount of significant power
They are called internet service providers- ISPs
These would be (companies like) Airtel, Jio, BSNL
that supply internet to your homes
And yes, they do hold significant power
Because these ISPs can block certain websites upon the direction of the Government
If the Government says so
But they do not hold sufficient powers to control a lot of things
Because you could use VPNs to overcome the blockages of the the ISPs
Just like every mobile phone has a number from which you can call another mobile phone,
Similarly, every device that is connected to the internet has an IP address
Be it your computer, your smartphone or be it any other server like a data center
if its connected to the internet, it will have an IP address
Each website too, has an IP address
For example, if you make a phone call on a number, then the call goes on another phone which you can talk on
Similarly, when you type an IP address in your browser,
it goes to another server and you are able to view the website of that server on your own computer
Now you could say that you type the domain name, not the IP address
The domain names are connected to the IP addresses
Actually, humans cannot read the IP addresses because it is written in digits and numbers
So the domain name is a human readable form of an IP address
When you type the domain name of a website in your browser,
then the thing that converts the domain name into the IP address is called Domain Name Server- DNS
Sometimes the Internet Service Providers block certain websites from the DNS
so that when you type the domain name, it is not able to link it to the particular IP address
So the DNS of the Internet Service Providers blocks you from reaching certain websites
For this, you can simply use a public DNS. For example, the DNS of Google is
You can go to your mobile settings and change your DNS
You can go to your computer settings and change your DNS to begin using the Google DNS
Then the blocked websites will get unblocked
Obviously using the VPN is another way
So let us revert to our original question
Who controls the Internet? Whom does it belong to?
The correct answer to this would be that it belongs to nobody and belongs to everybody
Because the internet runs only when it is a decentralized system
And if you wish to buy a part of the internet, if you wish to own it,
You can only do it when you build a website of your own
How can you build a website?
Buy your own domain name
Then you’d need to buy a server where your website can be stored
Now you could point out that I had stated that your mobile phones and your computers could also be servers
Yes, they could be
But it does not have enough processing power and space to store an entire website
Also, neither your computers nor your phones run 24/7
Only when it runs 24/7, will your website be available to the users 24/7 on the internet
So what the people generally do is
Large companies have set up their data centers and huge servers, which are very secure
You could go buy a server there to store your website
Then you will have to link your domain name to your server and publish your DNS
Now, think about it
You own a website. What If you’re able to use this website like you use your harddisks or pendrives at home?
Because the website is providing you a storage space, which is on the server
Whenever you’re out somewhere
(you could) merely open up your website on the internet
and you’re able to view the documents on the website just like you view the documents stored on a hard disk
The difference being, the world would not be able to access this website
Only you would be able to access it because it would have a username and password
So you get your own website which you can use like a harddisk is a website/app through which you can create your own website
and you can use your website like a storage space
In the words of this app, you can create a “digital home”
Now you could ask how is this different from a Dropbox?
It is very similar to a Dropbox and Google drive
The difference being, a company does not handle your work
That is, the documents that you upload can also be accessed by Google
The same thing applies to Dropbox
The difference in is that no one else would be able to access it
because you get to create a new website itself would not be able to access your website
You would get extra privacy and security here
If you want to try, then this website offers a 30 day free trial
I have put the link in the description below, you can go check it out
I’d like to thank for sponsoring this educational video
Now, here’s a special contest for you- #MyDigitalFreedom
To participate, you have to go to and create a “houm” of your own
You have to build your own website, like the one I have created-
So if you type on the internet browser, then you’d reach this website
This is my “houm”
Anyone can view this houm from outside
I can upload photos, or even “clap” in my houm
But like I said, this is akin to an online hard disk
You can see it but cannot access the files inside the hard disk
For that, you need to enter a password that is known only to me
So to participate in this contest/giveaway, you have to create a houm of your own
Write down the shareable link of your houm in the comments below on Youtube
Then, we will randomly select the winners from the Youtube comments
The first winner would be given a fully paid trip to Singapore for 3 days
The next 5 winners will be awarded fitbits
The next 10 winners will be awarded merchandises from Houm
So there are a lot of prizes
A lot of you can win. All you have to do is to create your Houm by visiting the Houm website
and write down the link of your Houm in the comments below

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  • Reply Dhruv Rathee August 10, 2019 at 1:03 pm

    Special thanks to “But Why” Youtube channel for doing some animations in this video.

    Check out his channel for animated videos on informative topics –

  • Reply AAKIB AMAN August 13, 2019 at 10:39 am

    This is my domain link created in
    I don't know what the result you said that you choose randomly.
    #DhruvRathee Sir,
    Your all videos are full of knowledge and it helps many people for getting aware from being brainwashed.
    God bless you and your work.
    Keep doing your work… We are always with you.

  • Reply Taufique Panjwani August 13, 2019 at 10:47 am

    Hello Dhruv. My domain name on HOUM is

  • Reply Kasim Khan August 13, 2019 at 10:49 am

    Great initiative and service by Houm..

    My domain

    Pls add my entry for the contest

  • Reply vinay kumar August 13, 2019 at 10:50 am


  • Reply Aditya Mishra August 13, 2019 at 10:53 am

  • Reply Tiwari ji August 13, 2019 at 10:54 am

  • Reply R K Sharma August 13, 2019 at 10:56 am

    Hahahah..Oye tu wohi ho na jo Gau_muter per research ker reha tha…Internet ko logo ko electric Shock lga ker dekhta hun ki un k RETARDED DIMAG ko kitna %age tak theek kiya ja skta hai..aur tum es kam k liye perfect ZOMBI ho..kab offer kerty ho apni services ko..This research will be Published in your name only, so don't worry. Keep your Blah blah with you otherwise we Punjabi have the habit of reaching upto the SUBJECT

  • Reply KASHU BABA August 13, 2019 at 11:02 am


    … Amazing sir…👌👌👌👌 thank you…🤗🤗🤗🤗

  • Reply istak ahmed August 13, 2019 at 11:28 am

  • Reply Mohammed Aslam Shaik August 13, 2019 at 11:32 am

  • Reply Shubham Singh August 13, 2019 at 11:37 am

  • Reply BHARAT MODI August 13, 2019 at 11:58 am


  • Reply Goutam Das August 13, 2019 at 11:59 am

    Very informative. I have registered in Houm and my account is

  • Reply m August 13, 2019 at 12:41 pm

    dhruv rathee
    please make a video on E-waste in india

  • Reply Jitesh Goswami August 13, 2019 at 12:49 pm ♦️♦️♦️

  • Reply Utkarsha patel August 13, 2019 at 12:50 pm
    Thank you sir for giving us best information

  • Reply Debjit Dey August 13, 2019 at 12:57 pm

    What about prize distribution?

  • Reply Sanjay Jadhav August 13, 2019 at 1:00 pm

    Thanks brow

  • Reply Rehan Raza August 13, 2019 at 1:37 pm


  • Reply Dhanesh Jadhav August 13, 2019 at 2:08 pm

    hii! dhruv sir
    #MY LINK

  • Reply legends world August 13, 2019 at 2:09 pm

  • Reply Krishan Kumar001 August 13, 2019 at 2:12 pm

    Dhruv bhai aap bhot achi video banate ho
    Ager Aapke pass time ho to ek baar Aapse baat karni hai
    Mo. 8851591685

  • Reply Mandal Pathshala August 13, 2019 at 2:20 pm

  • Reply Shoaib Aarzu August 13, 2019 at 2:29 pm

    Dhruv, ek baat jo gor kar ne ki h wo ye
    Jis language ka aap Istemal karte ho usko, educated log bahot achci Trah samjhte bhi h is baat ko,
    Hamare desh me bahot Ayse log h
    Jo aap ki baat sunte to h par samajh nahi pate h,
    Jo aap samjhane koshish kar rahe ho,
    Point ki baat to ye h k ab aap unko kaise samjha o ge,
    Dekho jo education wale hote h use education style me samjhana padta h,
    Lekin jo education wale na ho to phir aap use kaise samjha o ge,,
    Aapke videos ko Jo dislike karne wale Log h wo wahi Log h Jo aapki ki baat Samajh nahi paate,
    Jis din aapki baat nuko Samajh aagayi
    Fir dislike ki matara kam no sakti h

    Agar mera comment read karo to replay jaroor kar na

  • Reply Rajdeep Marik August 13, 2019 at 2:39 pm

    Hi Dhruv bhai, firstly thanks a lot for sharing such an informative and educational video.
    hope I can win something.

  • Reply Md Ahtesam Ahtesam August 13, 2019 at 2:46 pm

  • Reply chetan bhanot August 13, 2019 at 3:03 pm

  • Reply Jay Kar August 13, 2019 at 3:08 pm

    Thank you very much for sharing amazing informations

  • Reply Shraddha Srivastava August 13, 2019 at 3:24 pm

  • Reply MdFarhan Rashid August 13, 2019 at 4:04 pm

  • Reply Krunal Isvar August 13, 2019 at 4:05 pm

    WoW! this concept is amazing Houm, now i don't have to worry about always taking my Pen Drive with me.

    My URL

  • Reply Likha Takar August 13, 2019 at 4:32 pm

  • Reply Chandra prakash August 13, 2019 at 4:51 pm

    Hey dhruv.
    My houm –
    Love all your videos as they help us grow ourselves.
    Lots of love to you.💙💙

  • Reply Paras Panchal August 13, 2019 at 5:06 pm


  • Reply Subhasish thakur August 13, 2019 at 5:19 pm

  • Reply Ghulam Mustafa August 13, 2019 at 5:25 pm

  • Reply Govind Gupta August 13, 2019 at 6:03 pm

    account create nhi ho raha hai.
    Server chal hi nhi raha

  • Reply ashish marwha August 13, 2019 at 6:25 pm

    I thought this was an awareness regarding darknet, but instead, it's mere an advertisement.

  • Reply Abhilasha chander August 13, 2019 at 6:38 pm

    Ohwoo! ADs!! This was not what I was expecting at the end!

  • Reply Abdul Kadir August 13, 2019 at 6:42 pm

    You have explained in a easy way.

  • Reply MOHAMMED AYAZ August 14, 2019 at 2:09 am

    Winners Select Nahi Hue Kya

  • Reply Jaiprakash Pradhan August 14, 2019 at 2:19 am

    my houm is

  • Reply Vishal Singh August 14, 2019 at 2:25 am

    Guru Ravidas Mandir tughlakabad pe video bnao bhai plz

  • Reply Raman Pendharwar August 14, 2019 at 2:29 am

    Sir make video on BBC news

  • Reply Saif Khan Warshi August 14, 2019 at 4:15 am

    Bhaijan, when will you declare the winners?

  • Reply Ankit Rai August 14, 2019 at 4:24 am

    It's such a knowledgeable video.

  • Reply ZERO August 14, 2019 at 4:24 am

    Good job brother

  • Reply FUNNY CREATIVE August 14, 2019 at 4:28 am

    Hello sir. Indian independence act 1947 and transfer power agreement ke bareme batavo 99 lease ke liye agreement Bharat ke bareme batayiye

  • Reply HARSH SHAH August 14, 2019 at 4:32 am

    Hey Dhruv! Your videos on environment are real good! Keep up the good work!

  • Reply Shubham Bhardwaj 74 August 14, 2019 at 5:05 am

    Bhaiya, plzz make video about Hongkong protest. The fottage were shocking to me.
    Humble request 🙏🙏

  • Reply Md Al Mamun August 14, 2019 at 5:59 am

  • Reply Azmol Hussain August 14, 2019 at 6:45 am

    Thank you for letting me make a website on my own name. Dhruv sir.

  • Reply Prashant Yadav August 14, 2019 at 6:59 am

    Sir ap videos tohra jaldi laya karo

  • Reply arvind khanna August 14, 2019 at 7:01 am

    its very good …thanks for the giving this opportunity…
    above I mention my HOUM ID

    its true…PRIVACY MATTERS

  • Reply Ranjan kumar August 14, 2019 at 7:25 am
    #My digital Freedom
    Thank you for your nice information and always knowledge-based

  • Reply Anju Janghu August 14, 2019 at 7:29 am

    Hllo sir..i really want you to make a video on indian agriculture and farmer's condition.

  • Reply Md Zakir August 14, 2019 at 7:39 am

    Can the constitution of India be changed? As I see most people here have become communal. Even on TV channels I don't why they are doing shit. Despite of the disagreement of all other parties with ruling party, is it possible to change constitution

  • Reply Syed Ateeulla August 14, 2019 at 8:54 am

    Hi, Druv, You have thought me so much… A very big thanks….

  • Reply Rosidul Hoque August 14, 2019 at 9:02 am
    Thank you so much for sharing this…

  • Reply Dharmendra Singh Sisodiya Wordpress Developer August 14, 2019 at 9:18 am

  • Reply sudhir das August 14, 2019 at 9:29 am

    Sir aapka bamcaf or मनुस्मृति वीचररो पे आपका क्या विचार हैं make a reality video on this

  • Reply Hydra Boss August 14, 2019 at 9:39 am

    Video toh nhi dekh paya LEKIN ekk baat jroor bolu ga
    J&K mein internet kab khule ga😠😠😠😠😠😠😠😠😠😠😠😠😠😠😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢

  • Reply MO Quotes اقتباسات August 14, 2019 at 9:58 am

    to all small channels, let's grow together
    comment when you done

  • Reply Wilson Pinto August 14, 2019 at 10:33 am
    Thanks Dhruv

  • Reply Pritesh Gupta August 14, 2019 at 11:27 am

    Rothschild and Rockefeller controls the whole world

  • Reply Shaikh Abu Osama August 14, 2019 at 11:51 am #MyDigitalFreedom

    Great Video. I wish I could meet you ✌😇

  • Reply musab maniar August 14, 2019 at 12:08 pm


  • Reply Lovely Whatsapp Funs August 14, 2019 at 12:11 pm

    khaleek ansari

  • Reply infotechz August 14, 2019 at 12:12 pm thanks my digital freedom

  • Reply Lucifer R August 14, 2019 at 12:21 pm

    #hongkong protest explanation video

  • Reply Lovely Whatsapp Funs August 14, 2019 at 12:24 pm

  • Reply Lovely Whatsapp Funs August 14, 2019 at 12:24 pm

  • Reply Lovely Whatsapp Funs August 14, 2019 at 12:24 pm

  • Reply Lovely Whatsapp Funs August 14, 2019 at 12:25 pm

    mzine iss video ko apne sare dosto me bhi share kar diya

  • Reply Hey Dear August 14, 2019 at 12:38 pm

    Knowledgeable goood work.

  • Reply Masum singhania August 14, 2019 at 12:43 pm

    Bhaiya step 3 mei Jane k badd reloading Ho raha h

  • Reply dinesh kumar chettri August 14, 2019 at 12:45 pm

  • Reply Masum singhania August 14, 2019 at 12:50 pm
    Bhaiya bese to m Kuch kam nahi karta hu par apka video dekhke bohat Kuch sikhne ko milta h
    Kaun kaun comment padne aye Ho thoko like dhruv Bhai abhi bohat Age Jana h

  • Reply Masum singhania August 14, 2019 at 12:52 pm

    Best reporter in the world dhruv rathee sachha, innocent ,loyal

  • Reply sucharitha reddy August 14, 2019 at 12:53 pm

    Brother you have given the link about .I have given details but it is not creating just taking details and scrolling it for few sec/min and coming back.

  • Reply Masum singhania August 14, 2019 at 12:54 pm

    Kis kis ko dhruv bhaiya k sath Singapore holiday par jana h like karo

  • Reply Masum singhania August 14, 2019 at 12:56 pm

    Dhruv bhaiya diamond play button Mile jaldi kaun kaun chahta hai like Karo

  • Reply mahendra kumar August 14, 2019 at 1:02 pm
    thank you dhruv bhai for making such a great knowledgeable videos..

  • Reply Mistaa Vee August 14, 2019 at 1:04 pm
    Can you check this out and find the actual truth behind it

  • Reply Mehtaj Khan August 14, 2019 at 1:16 pm

    Sir plz make vedio on land slides

  • Reply Raman Pendharwar August 14, 2019 at 1:53 pm

    Sir please make video on BBC news truthiness and history because they are show negative image of India

  • Reply Funny Insider August 14, 2019 at 2:23 pm

    Excellent explainasion ! Love your work.

  • Reply Rajesh Sakkarwal August 14, 2019 at 2:26 pm

    Can we delete our home after finishing trial pack because they will charge 700 rs per month.

  • Reply vikas sing August 14, 2019 at 3:17 pm
    clean eco, green eco
    if you take part in cleaning earth it help you financially by giving you healthy life and reduce your hospital bill and make your love ones healthy and fit

  • Reply Says something !! August 14, 2019 at 3:29 pm

    What is Dark internet?

  • Reply Mahfooz Alam August 14, 2019 at 3:32 pm

    Great Work @Dhurv Rathee….
    My best wishes are always with you…

  • Reply Abhishek Yadav August 14, 2019 at 4:08 pm
    Thanks SIR

  • Reply Suhana Bachpan Group of Schools August 14, 2019 at 4:40 pm

    My Houm

  • Reply Ahmed Khan August 14, 2019 at 4:43 pm

    My Houm

  • Reply Kishan Thapa August 14, 2019 at 4:45 pm

    can you make a video regarding Hongkong protest?

  • Reply THE TRUTH WORLD August 14, 2019 at 4:58 pm

    My houm was

  • Reply Tamil Maanavan August 14, 2019 at 5:18 pm

    Can you speak in English bro ???

  • Reply Alok Ranjan August 14, 2019 at 5:22 pm

  • Reply Raj Gurjar August 14, 2019 at 5:44 pm

    अभी प्रियंका गांधी के सहयोगी ने एक पत्रकार को धमकी दी है तो आप इस पर कुछ नही बोलोगे क्या?

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